In Switzerland there is a variety of employment contracts. In some industries there are general contracts (collective labour agreement between some Unions and Employers’ Association) and for other business groups just normal contracts. Typically, the most applied type of contract is the individual employment contract between the employer and employee.
Employment contracts in Switzerland
Should any questions arise that are not described in the employment contract, these are treated as described in the Bestimmungen des Schweizerischer Obligationenrecht (OR). The provisions of the law apply only if not otherwise agreed in the employment contract.
Beside the OR is also the Swiss Labour Code Arbeitsgesetz, which describes what rights the employee has, among other things regarding overtime, Sunday work and maternity leave.
It is recommended as the minimum for employment in Switzerland to examine the following conditions:
- Working hours per week
- Salary conditions (monthly, weekly and hourly salaries)
- Compensatory time off
- The 13th month salary. The 13th month salary is found in many industries in Switzerland
- Income maintenance and full compensation (“Lohnfortzahlung”) during sickness and accidents
- Indexation of wages
- Notice at job termination
- Competition clause